The Many Reasons We Cry

woman-cryingDo you realize that you cry every day? There are three types of tears, and the human body produces basal tears constantly.

What are basal tears?

These are the tears your eyes produce all day. These tears have three layers and they protect your eyes from bacteria, dirt and dry eye. The average human produces 10 ounces of basal tears a day, or 30 gallons a year! Of course, these are not the tears we shed when watching a sad movie on Netflix, but they are an important part of eye health.

What about the tears you shed when you’re chopping an onion?

Your eyes also shed reflex tears. These are your eyes’ reactions to irritants or harmful substances such as smoke, wind or even an onion. These tears protect your eyes by attempting to flush out the irritants you encounter.

What type of tears are related to sadness?

Emotional tears are what most people think about when they describe crying. These are unique to humans, and are the body’s way of reacting to intense emotion. Sadness, happiness, anger, or just being overwhelmed can make us all cry. Some people cry when they see something overwhelmingly beautiful.

Women are more likely to cry emotional tears than men, but science still doesn’t completely understand if this is a cultural difference or an actual gender difference. It has been theorized that testosterone inhibits tear production in men, while prolactin, a more predominant female hormone, promotes crying in women. While emotional tears shed stress hormones, toxins, and release endorphins in the body, not everyone feels better after crying. Basically, emotional tears are a signal from your body about your emotional state, and if you are sad, a strong indicator that something is wrong.

Here are some interesting facts about tears:

  • Laughing until you cry is another form of releasing a strong emotion, although this is certainly more pleasant than crying from sadness!
  • Crying is an important form of communication for babies who cannot speak yet, but infants don’t produce actual tears until they are 1-3 months old. Babies use crying to express boredom, sadness, anger and pain. New parents quickly learn the difference between the their child’s cries.
  • When you cry, some tears fall down your face, while others drain into the nose. This is why you frequently need a tissue for your nose as well as your eyes when you cry.

How to Choose Ski Goggles



If you’re getting ready for ski season, you know that ski goggles are a must. Choosing the right ones can be overwhelming, so we have broken down the process to help you enhance your experience on the slopes while staying safe and enjoying the best possible vision.

Where Do I Start?

For maximum safety, choose polycarbonate ski goggles which are scratch resistant and made from the strongest material available. Next, cylindrical (curved) lenses are always a better choice than flat lenses because you will have better peripheral vision, glare reduction, and less distortion of your view. Cylindrical lenses also reduce fogging because they provide better insulation and air flow. Opt for polarized lenses if you will be in bright sunlight, but not if you will be skiing in low light. Always go for UV protection, as the air is thinner at high altitudes and blocks less UV light. Lastly, double lenses will fog less than single lenses.

What Color Lenses Should I Get?

The conditions you will be skiing in the most will determine the best color for your lenses. If you will be in snowy, foggy or low light, then yellow is your best option. Yellow lenses will let in between 60-90% of the sunlight around you, which is measured by a standard called VLT, or Visible Light Transmission. If you are skiing in a place like Colorado where the sunlight is stronger, then grey is a good choice with a lower VLT, to keep more light out. Of course, if you are skiing at night, clear goggles are the only way to go. If you want to make a fashion statement with variants on these basic colors this should help:

  • Orange is good for partly cloudy or sunny days
  • Bronze increases contrast and depth perception
  • Red works for medium to bright light, and increases color definition with sharper perception
  • Violet is best for low to moderate light, and enhances detail to better see potential hazards such as ice patches, or bumps
  • Green provides contrast for better depth perception, reduces eye fatigue on sunny days, and increases definition in lower light. Green is a good choice if you tend to ski in many different levels of sunlight
  • Lastly, there is the option of using photochromatic lenses which change according to the light levels around you

Can’t decide? There are also ski goggles with interchangeable lenses so that you can ski from the morning into the evening.

Do I Have to Sacrifice Fashion?

Absolutely not! These options are available from the trendiest makers such as Oakley, WileyX, Adidas and Zeal Optics.


We offer CareCredit financing to help you budget your eye care expenses. Visit the CareCredit website for current information on interest free programs.

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